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The historical heritage

The HISTORICAL heritage

The settlements in the Padureni Land predate the Roman occupation. There is evidence, in the form of stone tools in the caves near the Batrana village, that the area was inhabited starting with the Neolithic period. A tombstone dating from the Roman occupation had the inscription „Natus ibim ubi ferrum nascitur” – “born where the iron is born” engraved on it.

The certification in the records came much later, in the medieval period:

village Year of attestation village Year of attestation
Cincis 1360 Teliucu Inferior 1477
Ruda 1397 Govajdie 1482
Bunila 1416 Valar 1482
Plop 1468 Alun 1483

We can highlight the population of the Padureni Land as one of the most interesting and authentic communities that make up the Romanian people. Padurenii have a rare trait among many peoples – stability. People from this region have a very long history that is related to mining activities, to the manufacturing of amalgam and of iron. Different peoples have come and gone over this land, and the development of the industry has attracted professionals from different nationalities which in time merged with the locals. It is therefore no surprise that among Padureni families one can find names like Sorenson and Edison. Their influence consisted only in improving crafts and iron extraction techniques and has not impacted the local way of living, full of customs and beliefs. Those who lived among the Padureni ended up by being assimilated without causing visible changes in the life and habits of the Padureni community.
Not even the peasants brought from Tara Romaneasca (Wallachia) to work the charcoal pits managed to influence in anyway the Padureni communities. They differ the locals through their darker complexion. Otherwise, the clothing, speech and habits remained the same.
The development of mining and metallurgy had an impact on the entire population causing locals to learn new trades and technologies. This was reflected over the years in the way they have secured their existence without change to their traditions and culture.

In addition to landscape value, the settlements even now retain a deep authentic look. There are villages whose houses have been declared historic and listed as such by the Ministry of Culture and National Herritage precisely because of their authentic and representative character. The village of Ghelari, which could be called an economic center of the Padureni Land, has undergone several changes that are reflected in its somewhat heterogeneous urban layout.

Another example towards this is the Teliucul Inferior village which shares a similar historical background.

Throughout history, the Cincis village had the most important political links through the families who lived there. It is in this village that Elisabeta Margineanu, the mother of Iancu de Hunedoara, was born. The Cincis village was attested in documents for the first time in 1360 as being part of the Hateg district, with the Hungarian name Cholnukus. The next village to be attested was Izvoarele in 1446 with the Hungarian name Linghyna and in 1477 we have the first mention of the Teliucul Inferior village with the Hungarian name Telethek.

Traditionally, it has been said that Iancu de Hunedoara was born in Cincis, the birthplace of his mother Eliasabeta Margineanu. Religious frescoes from the 18th century, discovered in the church in Cincis which reportedly are Iancu de Hunedoara’s portrait, his diploma offered in 1447 by the city of Timisoara bear witness to this event.

A museum that will house the findings uncovered after archeological digs and several objects of worship left after the demolition of the churches from the Cincis Lake basin will be built in the courtyard of the new church in Cincis Cerna.